How to Choose a Toilet
Although being the most inelegant feature in the bathroom suite, the unpretentious toilet is an essential feature in the bathroom and is available in a range of designs which can become daunting for buyers.
If you’re remodelling your bathroom suite, finding the right features to fit your style, space and needs can be difficult; so we thought we’d ease the pressure and supply a brief guide to choosing a toilet.
Choosing a toilet varies hugely on your surrounding suite, with the size, shape and style playing a key role in which toilet you decide to choose.
As with all bathroom products, the measuring up process is an essential part in developing your suite; finding the right sized features to make the best use of the space available to you.
Nobody wants to clamber across the basin, push past the vanity unit or squeeze by the shower just to reach the toilet, especially during desperate times.
Your bathroom needs to be cleverly spaced in order for you to bask in all its heavenly glory and measuring and choosing the right features is an integral part of creating your perfect escape.
Whether it’s a compact suite like a cloakroom or an en-suite, or a large family bathroom, the vast array of toilets on the market delivers a solution for any space.
When measuring up the space you would like to feature a toilet installation ensure that you take into account the size and width of the pan and cistern, including its projection from the wall and the overall size of you or your family using it (a torrid image but essential unfortunately), to make sure that nobody is going to have to put their legs up on the bath in order to make use of the toilet.
With all this in mind, it’s now time to tackle the different types of toilet on the market.
Different Toilet Types
It’s not until we begin perusing your local bathroom showroom that we begin to understand the wealth of designs on offer and the wealth of bathroom related jargon aimed to confuse anybody not in the industry.
The words back to wall, close coupled, low level, high level, concealed cistern and wall hung mean next to nothing to the public, up until the moment we need to make a purchase.
Let’s start with the basics, the close coupled toilet is the most frequently used yet the most confusingly named! There is a 99% chance you’ve used a close coupled toilet, it’s a simple pan and cistern design, mounted on the floor.
Back to wall toilets offer a design that conceals the cistern, leaving only the pan on show, decreasing the amount of floor space your toilet uses and provides a sleek solution that is coupled with a flush mechanism that is integrated into the wall; perfect for modern installations.
Wall hung toilets are a similar design to back to wall toilets, decreasing the projection of the toilet, ideal for smaller installations as they save even more floor space, often found in en-suites and cloakrooms.
Choosing a high level cistern is a stunning traditional design which captures the essence of yesteryear with its high level cistern which sits high above the pan, connected by a stylish pipe and complete with period details.
If a high level cistern is not possible in your bathroom space but you’re still looking for a classic look, a low level cistern is a fantastic alternative that delivers the same look, but as the name suggests, the cistern is positioned lower, very much like a standard installation.
Taking into consideration each toilet design, choosing a toilet can be made less confusing once you understand the industry terminology.
As mentioned in the previous section, bathroom styling is an integral part of your installation.
Whether you’re going for a classic traditional style which stands the test of time, a sleek modern look or a modern classic that combines elements of both, choosing a toilet relies heavily on your surrounding setting.
A great example of a traditionally styled toilet is the Astoria low level pan and cistern from Imperial Bathrooms, a premium brand delivering a good old fashioned design that stands at the forefront of bathroom vogue.
Complete with period details, with its angular styling, lever handle and choice of natural wood finished toilet seats, the sumptuous toilet is a functional and timeless compliment to any classically style suite.
For a more contemporary look, the versatile curvaceous styling of the Karizma close coupled toilet from Jax Bathrooms makes it a great example of how simple styling and functionality can ooze class in the modern suite.
The British made toilet is defined by its bold lines and sleek design which hides all pipe work for modern minimalist chic.
Combining the timelessness of traditional grandeur with a contemporary twist, the Thurlestone back to wall unit, pan and cistern is an example of a modern classic done brilliantly, delivering a functional modern design with a subtle period features.
The back to wall toilet utilises timeless elements such as the classically styled pan and natural wood unit and moulds it into a modern design for additional functionality, perfect for any installation.
Of course, if there's no room in a remodel for a bidet, toilet seats that provide a bidet function are available. Other upgrades include soft-closing toilet seats, which ensure the seat always is closed after use and prevent lids from slamming. Heated toilet seats are another option that can be added without busting a bathroom budget.
Taking into consideration all aspects of the toilet design, choosing the right toilet for your space can be made much easier with prior knowledge of each style, size and type on offer, so you can get the perfect look and feel for your installation.
How to Install a Toilet
Pipes required include a cold water supply stub out with a shut-off valve, flexible tubing for above the valve, and possibly one air chamber.
This is possibly the single, most troublesome fixture to install as it requires its own 2" minimum vent and a drain of at least 3" in diameter. If the toilet is situated on a branch drain, it cannot be upstream from the sink or shower. The minimum side distance allowed from the centre of the toilet bowl to a wall is 15 inches, 12 inches to a bathtub, and clearance from the front of a bowl to a wall or fixture should be 21 inches.
1. The closet bend and toilet floor flange must be roughed in first. When replacing a toilet, you will need to scrape up the old wax gasket. A putty knife works well for this. Remove the old bolts from the floor flange and scrape the flange clean to prevent leaks at the base of the new bowl. If the old flange is cracked or broken, replace it with a new floor flange.
2. Position the floor flange so that the underside of the flange is at the level of the finished floor. (it is always best to install the finished floor so that it runs underneath the toilet.) You may need to use a piece of finished flooring material if the floor has not yet been installed. Now you can finish tightening the screws that hold the floor flange to the floor. Put a small level on the flange while tightening to be sure it is level.
3. Set the new floor bolts in plumber's putty and insert them through the flange, adjusting the bolts so they line up with the centre of the drainpipe.
4. With the new toilet bowl turned upside down, position the new wax gasket over the toilet horn on the bottom of the bowl.
5. Apply plumber's putty around the entire bottom edge of the bowl.
6. Using the bolts as guides, lower the bowl into place over the flange. Press down firmly while giving a slight twist. It is important that you feel the toilet being pushed into the wax ring. If you do not feel this, the flange is set too low and you will not get a good wax seal between the flange and the horn (waste outlet). Also, if the wax ring is cold, it will not properly seat. You may need to warm it in the sun for awhile until it is pliable.
7. Use a level to level the bowl, adding shims where necessary. Also be sure the toilet is square and aligned with the wall. Then tighten the nuts and washers onto the bolts by hand.
8. Place the rubber tank cushion (if one is needed) into position on the rear of the toilet's bowl and fit the rubber gasket onto the flush valve opening on the bottom of the tank.
9. Position the tank over the bowl; then tighten the nuts and washers onto the mounting bolts.
10. Tighten the hold-down bolts at the base of the bowl with an adjustable wrench. Use your level to assure the bowl is still level.
11. Fill the decorative caps with plumber's putty and place them over the bolt ends. Seal the base of the toilet bowl with plumber's putty or silicone caulk.
12. Cut the end of your supply line stub out and attach a shut off valve. Then, connect the shut-off valve to the flexible tubing and connect the tubing to the bottom of the tank, where you will find a supply stub out.
Most Common Mistakes:
- Violating or ignoring local code restrictions.
- Using pipes that are too small.
- Attaching copper to galvanized without using a brass or dielectric fitting between the two.
- Not using Teflon tape or pipe compound at threaded joints.
- Not levelling your fixtures when installing them.
- Not installing an air gap filling for fixtures.
- Cutting supply stub outs too short to install the shut-off valves onto after the finished wall is in place, or not properly aligning tubing into fittings or stop valves. (Forcing the nut onto the compression ring at an angle when the tubing is at an angle will cause a leak.
What is a Dual Flush Toilet?
Whether your searching for traditional period artistry or contemporary vogue, Bathroom City has a style solution to suit any setting.
At Bathroom City we’re passionate about our service and equally passionate about bathrooms, we look to help our customers from the beginning of their development right to the very end, with expert sales staff on hand to help with every aspect of design.
Throughout this process we answer a lot of questions, and nothing beats being able to provide confident answers which play part and parcel in our customers decision, as it all culminates into the dream development you desire.
As well as different designs to choose from, there are also different flush mechanisms available when purchasing a toilet. One of our most frequently asked questions is: “how will a dual flush toilet benefit me?”
Dual flush toilets offer an economical and water saving approach to the everyday flush. We’re sure you have came across the dual flush mechanism before but you may have pushed the button in whichever way you felt fit rather then designating flushes to whatever you had to flush.Dual flush technology allows a different flush considering the job at hand, providing a system which actually saves around 67% of water usage.
The dual flush mechanism is commonly one button divided in two, the larger of the two for a big flush and the smaller for a little flush that gives a basic rinse of the pan.
With the ever growing popularity of the dual flush toilet, the range on offer has increased over the years and the collection available at Bathroom City is no different.
With such a huge range of dual flush toilets on offer, it would be impossible to note each and every one, but rest assured the addition of a dual flush toilet to your new installation will not only provide sleek style with the recessed button in the cistern but also a functional and economical solution to the standard flush.